Disaster Management Department
T. A. Division Building, Near Gol Chakkar, Dhurwa,
Jharkhand 834004
Phone: 651-2400218

Vulnerability Profile of Jharkhand


Jharkhand is a disaster prone state where lightning, flood, drought, mining and industrial disasters, fire, road accidents etc. are very common. Jharkhand is historically affected by different types of Natural and Human Disasters. Govt. of Jharkhand has taken proactive steps to strengthen its mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation strategies to reduce the risk of disasters in the state by creating State Disaster Management Authority at State level, District Disaster Management Authority in all the 24 Districts. Apart from this State Executive Committee is proactively strategizing and functioning for the Disaster Management of the state.

Disaster management department under the aegis of State executive committee is facilitating the mainstreaming of Flagship development program to reduce the risk of Disaster in the state. Department has taken several initiatives to strengthen the convergence between different line departments and institutions of excellence in state to develop sustainable strategy for various disasters in the state. Government of Jharkhand is well aware of the need to integrate flagship programs for enhancing the coping capacity of community up to village level in the state.


A holistic and integrated approach will be evolved towards disaster management with emphasis on building strategic partnerships at various levels. The themes underpinning the policy are:

  • Community based DM, including last mile integration of the policy, plans and execution.
  • Capacity development in all spheres.
  • Consolidation of past initiatives and best practices.
  • Cooperation with agencies at national and international levels.
  • Multi-sectoral synergy.

Hazards in Jharkhand

Natural Disaster Biological/ Health Hazard Man made
  • Drought
  • Earthquake
  • Heat wave
  • Cold Wave
  • Lightning
  • Flood
  • Flash Flood- 12 districts
  • Cyclone – 14 districts
  • Epidemics/Pandemics
  • Endemic Vector borne diseases
  • Occupational Health Hazards
  • Environmental Hazards
  • Environmental Pollution
  • Elephant Attacks
  • Loss of Biodiversity
  • Climate Change risks
  • Urban Risks
  • Mining and Mine Accidents
  • Industrial Accidents
  • Road/Rail Accidents
  • Fire Accidents – North Jharkhand
  • Forest Fires
  • CBRN Disasters
  • Drowning
  • Left Wing Extremism
  • Dam failure
Name of Hazards No. of District Affected Vulnerable District
Drought 24 During last 14 years, the entire state has suffered drought seven times and last drought has been declared in 2015
Flood/Flash Flood 14 Sahibganj, Godda, Pakur, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Saraikela- kharsawan, Garhwa, Palamu, Chatra, Ramgarh, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Gumla, Simdega.
Lightning 24 In entire Jharkhand with more severely in East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Saraikela Kharsawan, Ranchi, Ramgarh, Chatra, Latehar, Koderma, Hazaribagh, Lohardaga, Dumka, Deoghar
Forest Fire 10 Garhwa, Palamu, Latehar, Chatra, Hazaribag, EastSinghbhum, West Singhbhum, Saraikela-Kharsawan, Simdega,Gumla.
Elephant/Wild animal attack 10 Garwa, Palamu, Latehar, Chatra, Hazaribag, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Saraikela-Kharsawan, Simdega, Gumla
Mining Related Disasters 16 Dhanbad, Bokaro, Hazaribagh, Ramgarh, Koderma, Ranchi, Palamu, Garhwa, Latehar, Lohardaga, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Saraikela-Kharsawan, Pakur, Giridih
Industrial Disaster 9 East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Ramgarh, Hazaribag, Saraikela-Kharsawan, Giridih
Cyclone 8 East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Saraikela-Kharsawan, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Hazaibagh, Simdega
Cold Wave 24 All districts
Fire 24 All districts
Stampede/Crowd related disaster 4 Deoghar, Ranchi, Khunti and East Singhbhum
Earthquake- Zone -IV (2) Godda and Sahibganj
Zone -III (15) Godda,Sahibganj, Garwa, Palamu, Chatra, Hazaibag, Dumka, Koderma, Giridih, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Deoghar, Godda, Pakur, Jamtara
Zone -II (7) Lohardaga, Ranchi, Ramgarh, Khunti, Gumla, EastSinghbhum, West Singhbhum.

High Risk District (Disaster Wise)

Disaster type High Risk Districts
Drought All districts
Garhwa, Palamu, are chronically drought prone
Lightning Palamu, chatra, latehar, Koderma, Ranchi, Giridih, Hazaribagh, Lohardanga, Dumka
Forest Fire Garhwa, Palamu, Latehar, chatra, Hazaribagh, E&W Singhbhum, Simdega, Gumla
Mine Accidents Latehar, Dhanbad, Ramgarh, Lohardanga, Giridih, E&W Singhbhum, Koderma
Earthquake Zone IV: 2 districts-Godda, Sahebganj
Zone III: 15 districts
Industrial Disasters Ranchi, Bokaro, Jamshedpur, Gomia, Sindri, Jinkpani
Leftwing Extremism Bokaro, Chatra, Garhwa, Gumla, Hazaribagh, Latehar, Lohardaga, East Singhbhum, Palamu and West Singhbhum
Fire High Risk Districts: Dhanbad, Bokaro, East Singhbhum, Saraikela & Kharshuan, Ramgarh & Giridih
Low Risk Districts: Khunti & Simdega